How To Do A Bibliography For A History Project

  • 1

    Create a works cited page. Reserve a page at the end of your paper for the bibliography, referred to as "works cited" in MLA style. Write "Works Cited" at the top of the next page after the last page of your paper. This page should have the same header with your last name as the rest of your paper, and your page numbers should continue onto this page, too.[10]

  • 2

    Capitalize all words in titles except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. You should capitalize every word in the title of your sources, except for words like “an,” “the,” and “of.” If you’re unsure how to capitalize your title, you can use online capitalization generators, like Title Capitalization, to check your titles.[11]

  • 3

    Double space your citations page. All of the pages of your MLA bibliography should be double spaced. You don’t need to put extra spaces between each source, as long as everything is double-spaced.[12]

  • 4

    Indent each successive line for the same source. If your source takes up more than one line, indent the each successive line 0.5 inches (1.25 cm). Once you begin a new source, go back to the original margin.[13]

  • 5

    List your sources alphabetically by author’s last name. After the author’s last name, you should list their full first name and their middle name or initial, if they have one listed on the source.[14]
    • You shouldn’t use an author’s title or degrees when listing their names in your bibliography. This is true even if they are listed that way on the source.
  • 6

    Cite books. Include the author's last name and first name, separated by a comma and ending with a period. Then the book title comes in italics with a period at the end of the title. The place of publication and the name of the publishing company are separated by a colon, and then a comma and the publication date.[15]
    • For example, a book citation might look like this: Butler, Olivia. Parable of the Flower. Sacramento: Seed Press, 1996.
  • 7

    Cite articles. Start with the last name and first name of the author, followed by a period. Then the title of the article should be in quotes, with a period after the title (but still inside the last quotation mark). The name of the periodical or book should follow in italics, followed by a comma and then volume and issue numbers and date of publication, all separated by commas. Finally, a colon separates the date of publication the title of the article, the title of the publication, the volume and issue number, the date, and the pages of the source.[16]
    • For example, an article published in a scholarly journal might look like this: Green, Marsha. "Life in Costa Rica." Science Magazine vol. 1, no. 4, Mar 2013: 1-2.
    • If you’re citing an article in a newspaper, you only need the name of the newspaper, followed by the date it was published, and the page number. A citation for that might look like this: Smith, Jennifer. “Tiny Tim Wins Award.” New York Times, 24 Dec 2017, p. A7.
  • 8

    Cite websites. Start with the author's last and first name (if available) followed by a period. Then the title of the article or project in quotes, followed by the title of the website in quotes. Both titles should end in periods. Then the date of publication and the name of the sponsoring institution comes in parentheses, separated by commas. Finally, the date of access and the full web address ends the citation.
    • For example, a website citation might look like this: Jong, June. "How to Write an Essay." Writing Portal. 2 Aug. 2012. University of California. 23 Feb. 2013. <http://writingportal.com>
    • Some websites, particularly academic ones, will have what’s called a DOI (digital object identifier). Write “doi:” in front of this number in place of the website’s url if a DOI is available.
  • 9

    Use reliable sources to look for the citations rules for other types of sources. There are a lot of different types of sources you can use in a research paper. Use a reliable source to look up those citation rules. You can actually purchase a copy of the MLA style guide, or you can use a website like Purdue’s OWL (online writing lab) to look up your sources.

  • Magazine article (in a print magazine)

    Bibliography:

    Zakaria, Fareed. “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal.” Time, December 9, 2013, 29.

    First time you footnote:

    1 Fareed Zakaraia, “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal,” Time, December 9, 2013, 29.

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2 Zakaraia, “Big Fuss,” 29.

    Magazine article (in a database)

    Bibliography:

    Zakaria, Fareed. “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal.” Time, December 9, 2013, 29. MasterFILE Main Edition (92663027).

    First time you footnote:

    1 Fareed Zakaraia, “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal,” Time, December 9, 2013, 29, MasterFILE Main Edition (92663027).

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2 Zakaraia, “Big Fuss,” 29.

    Magazine article (on the Internet or a magazine site)

    Bibliography:

    Zakaria, Fareed. “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal.” Time Magazine, December 9, 2013, 29. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2158654,00.html.

    First time you footnote:

    1 Fareed Zakaraia, “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal,” Time Magazine December 9, 2013, 29, http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2158654,00.html.

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2 Zakaraia, “Big Fuss,” 29.

    Newspaper article (in a print newspaper):

    Bibliography:

    Kirkpatrick, David and Mavy El Sheikh. “In Egypt, a Chasm Grows between Young and Old.” New York Times, February 17, 2014.

    First time you footnote:

    1 David Kirkpatrick and Mavy El Sheikh, “In Egypt, a Chasm Grows between Young and Old,” New York Times, February 17, 2014.

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2Kirkpatric and El Sheikh, “In Egypt.”

    Newspaper article (in a database):

    Bibliography:

    Gadoua, Renee K. “The Suffrage Message.” Syracuse New Times, August 21, 2013. Newspapers Source Plus (90149360).

    First time you footnote:

    1 Renee Gadoua, “The Suffrage Message,” Syracuse New Times, August 21, 2013. Newspapers Source Plus (90149360).

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2Gadoua, “The Suffrage Message.”

    Newspaper article (on the Internet or a news site):

    Bibliography:

    Washington Times. “Liner Lusitania Sunk by German Submarine Fleet Rushes to Aid.” May 7, 1915. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1915-05-07/ed-1/seq-1/.

    First time you footnote:

    1 “Liner Lusitania Sunk by German Submarine Fleet Rushes to Aid,” Washington Times, May 7, 1915.

    Every subsequent time you footnote:

    2“Liner Lusitania Sunk.”

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