This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.
Themes - Activism
Born in Medicine Hat, Alberta on November 10, 1921
Died in Toronto, Ontario on March 2, 2007
Journalist, women's rights activist
Born in 1921 and christened Hilda Doris Buck, Doris Anderson was the illegitimate child of Rebecca Laycock Buck and Thomas McCubbin. She remembers her early years as happy ones, growing up in the Calgary boarding house which her mother ran independently to support the family. Her father entered their lives and married her mother just before Doris's eighth birthday. A difficult and domineering man, he had a strong influence over her mother regarding Doris's upbringing, leaving Doris confused and unhappy; she was chastised for being too forward and unladylike. As an adolescent, Doris found it increasingly difficult to accept her mother's vision of a traditional life based on marriage and children and looked to women such as her unmarried teachers as role models for an independent life.
Doris graduated from teachers' college in 1940 and earned enough money teaching in rural communities in Alberta to put herself through university. In 1945, she graduated from the University of Alberta and travelled to Toronto to pursue a career in journalism. She held a variety of jobs including copyeditor for the Star Weekly, researcher and writer for radio host Claire Wallace, and copywriter in the advertising department at Eaton's. Realizing that opportunities for women in journalism were severely limited, Doris decided in 1949 to travel to Europe to try her hand at fiction writing. Although able to sell short stories to Maclean's and Chatelaine magazines, she discovered that she did not want to earn a living writing fiction. She did, however, write three novels in later years.
Doris Anderson returned to Canada in 1950 and, in 1951, began her long association with Chatelaine when she was hired as an advertising promotion person. Through hard work and determination, Doris advanced to the positions of associate and managing editor. She finally became editor in 1957, a post which she held until 1977. At the time of her marriage to lawyer David Anderson in 1957, she notes in her autobiography, Rebel Daughter, "that what I wanted more than anything was to be able to look after myself and make sure that every other woman in the world could do the same". She continued to work after her marriage and the births of her sons, Peter, Stephen and Mitchell.
As editor of Chatelaine, Doris Anderson was determined to give her readers "something serious to think about, something to shake them up". She included articles on the legalization of abortion, battered babies, the outdatedness of Canada's divorce laws and female sexuality as well as informative, practical pieces for working women. An editorial supported the push for a royal commission on the status of women and other articles examined social issues such as racism and the plight of Canada's Native peoples. Some readers felt that she was turning "a nice wholesome Canadian magazine into a feminist rag" (Rebel Daughter, p. 151), however, circulation, which was 480 000 when Doris became editor, increased to 1.8 million by the late 1960s. The content of Chatelaine, during that period, placed it in the vanguard of second-wave feminism in North America.
After losing a by-election for a seat in the House of Commons in 1978, Doris Anderson accepted a Liberal government appointment as chair of the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women (CACSW) in 1979. Her term coincided with the campaign for inclusion of women's rights in the Canadian Constitution and Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In February 1981, government interference resulted in the cancellation of the CACSW National Conference on Women and the Constitution. Doris Anderson resigned as chair, an act which became the catalyst for an intensive lobbying campaign and an ad-hoc conference attended by some 1 300 women in Ottawa. In April 1981, Article 28, which stated that "Not withstanding anything in this Charter, the rights and freedoms referred to in it are guaranteed equally to male and female persons", was added to the Charter.
Doris Anderson has continued to have a full and productive career throughout the 1980s and 90s. From 1982 to 1984, she was president of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women. She was a columnist for the Toronto Star from 1982 to 1992, chancellor of the University of Prince Edward Island from 1992 to 1996 and chair of the Ontario Press Council in 1998. Among the many awards and honours she has received are: LL.D. (Hon.) University of Alberta, 1973; Officer, Order of Canada, 1975; YWCA Woman of Distinction Award, 1982; Persons' Award, 1991; LL.D. (Hon.) University of Waterloo, 1992; LL.D. (Hon.) Simon Fraser University, 1997.
In examining the life of Doris Anderson, Canadian women can only be glad that she is indeed a "rebel daughter" who has worked tirelessly for the advancement of all women.
Anderson, Doris. � Affairs of state. � Toronto : Doubleday Canada Ltd., 1988. � 248 p.
Anderson, Doris. � Rebel daughter : an autobiography. � Toronto : Key Porter Books, c1996. � 288 p.
Anderson, Doris. � Two women. � Toronto : Macmillan of Canada, c1978. � 243 p.
Anderson, Doris. � The unfinished revolution : the status of women in twelve countries. � Toronto : Doubleday Canada Ltd., c1991. � 311 p.
Korinek, Valerie Joyce. � Roughing it in suburbia [microform] : reading Chatelaine magazine, 1950-1969. � Ottawa : National Library of Canada, . � 6 microfiches. � (Canadian theses on microfiche ; no. 27792). � Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, 1996.
Korinek, Valerie J. - Roughing it in the suburbs : reading Chatelaine magazine in the fifties and sixties. - Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2000. - 460p.
Martin, Sandra. "Doris Anderson, Journalist and Political Activist 1921-2007." Globe and Mail. (March 3, 2007), p. S9.
Rawlinson, H. Graham ; Granatstein, J.L. "Doris Anderson". � The Canadian 100 : the 100 most influential Canadians of the twentieth century. � Toronto : Little, Brown and Company (Canada), c1997. � P. 72-75
Rex, Kathleen. � "Can Doris Anderson shake up Ottawa". � Globe and mail. � (April 12, 1979) � P. 15
1. UNAIDS. World AIDS day report. Geneva: 2011.
2. UNAIDS. UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva: United Nations; 2010.
3. Europe. ECfDPaCWROf. HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe 2009. Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; 2010.
4. Kerani RP, Kent JB, Sides T, et al. HIV among African-born persons in the United States: a hidden epidemic? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008;49(1):102–6.[PubMed]
5. McCabe K. African immigrants in the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute; 2011.
6. CDC. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57(39):1073–6.[PubMed]
7. Johnson AS, Hu X, Dean HD. Epidemiologic differences between native-born and foreign-born black people diagnosed with HIV infection in 33 U.S. states, 2001–2007. Public Health Rep. 2010;125(Suppl 4):61–9.[PMC free article][PubMed]
8. Sutton MY, Jones RL, Wolitski RJ, Cleveland JC, Dean HD, Fenton KA. A review of the centers for disease control and prevention’s response to the HIV/AIDS crisis among Blacks in the United States, 1981–2009. Am J Public Health. 2009;99(Suppl 2):S351–9.[PMC free article][PubMed]
9. Pépin J. The origins of AIDS. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2011.
10. Terrazas A. African immigrants in the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute; 2009.
11. Census U. Selected Population Profile in the United States. Subsaharan African; New York City: 2006. American Community Survey.
12. NYCDOHMH. HIV/AIDS in foreign-born New Yorkers. New York: HIV Epidemiology and Field Services Program New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2009.
13. Singh GK, Hiatt RA. Trends and disparities in socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics, life expectancy, and cause-specific mortality of native-born and foreign-born populations in the United States, 1979–2003. Int J Epidemiol. 2006;35(4):903–19.[PubMed]
14. Heine B, Nurse D. African languages: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2000.
15. Fairchild AL, Tynan EA. Policies of containment: immigration in the era of AIDS. Am J Public Health. 1994;84(12):2011–22.[PMC free article][PubMed]
16. Neilson V, Masliah N. AILA practice advisory on the end of the HIV ban. Washington, DC: American Immigration Lawyers Association; 2009.
17. U S. Congress upholds ban on HIV carriers. Annals of oncology: official journal of the European society for medical oncology/ ESMO. 1993;4(8):616.[PubMed]
18. Rosenthal L, Scott DP, Kelleta Z, et al. Assessing the HIV/AIDS health services needs of African immigrants to Houston. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003;15(6):570–80.[PubMed]
19. CDC. [Accessed 4 Oct 2011.];Final rule removing HIV infection from US immigration screening. 2010 http://www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/laws-regs/hiv-ban-removal/final-rule.html.
20. Jenny-Avital ER, Beatrice ST. Erroneously low or undetectable plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid load, determined by polymerase chain reaction, in West African and American patients with non-B subtype HIV-1 infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32(8):1227–30.[PubMed]
21. Harawa NT, Bingham TA, Cochran SD, Greenland S, Cunning-ham WE. HIV prevalence among foreign- and US-born clients of public STD clinics. Am J Public Health. 2002;92(12):1958–63.[PMC free article][PubMed]
22. Foley EE. HIV/AIDS and African immigrant women in Philadelphia: structural and cultural barriers to care. AIDS Care. 2005;17(8):1030–43.[PubMed]
23. Kent JB. Impact of foreign-born persons on HIV diagnosis rates among Blacks in King County, Washington. AIDS Educ Prev. 2005;17(6 Suppl B):60–7.[PubMed]
24. Cartwright CP. The changing epidemiology of HIV/AIDS at a Minnesota hospital: impact of demographic change and viral diversity. J Med Virol. 2006;78(Suppl 1):S19–21.[PubMed]
25. Tompkins M, Smith L, Jones K, Swindells S. HIV education needs among Sudanese immigrants and refugees in the Mid-western United States. AIDS Behav. 2006;10(3):319–23.[PubMed]
26. Akinsete OO, Sides T, Hirigoyen D, et al. Demographic, clinical, and virologic characteristics of African-born persons with HIV/ AIDS in a Minnesota hospital. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007;21(5):356–65.[PubMed]
27. De Jesus M. HIV/AIDS and immigrant Cape Verdean women: contextualized perspectives of Cape Verdean community advocates. Am J Community Psychol. 2007;39(1–2):121–31.[PubMed]
28. Othieno J. Understanding how contextual realities affect African born immigrants and refugees living with HIV in accessing care in the Twin Cities. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2007;18(3 Suppl):170–88.[PubMed]
29. Blood E, Beckwith C, Bazerman L, Cu-Uvin S, Mitty J. Pregnancy among HIV-infected refugees in Rhode Island. AIDS Care. 2009;21(2):207–11.[PubMed]
30. Mitha K, Yirsalign M, Cherner M, McCutchan A, Langford TD. Risk perception and beliefs regarding HIV infection among Ethiopian immigrants. AIDS Educ Prev. 2009;21(5):484–94.[PMC free article][PubMed]
31. Page LC, Goldbaum G, Kent JB, Buskin SE. Access to regular HIV care and disease progression among black African immigrants. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101(12):1230–6.[PubMed]
32. Hall HI, Song R, Rhodes P, et al. Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States. JAMA. 2008;300(5):520–9.[PMC free article][PubMed]
33. CDC. Subpopulation estimates from the HIV incidence surveillance system—United States, 2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57(36):985–9.[PubMed]
34. Voelker R. HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean: big problems among small islands. JAMA. 2001;285(23):2961–3.[PubMed]
35. Thomas KJ. A demographic profile of Black Caribbean immigrants to the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute; 2012.
36. Venters H, Gany F. African immigrant health. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011;13(2):333–44.[PubMed]
37. Mocroft A, Vella S, Benfield TL, et al. Changing patterns of mortality across Europe in patients infected with HIV-1. EuroS-IDA Study Group. Lancet. 1998;352(9142):1725–30.[PubMed]
38. Moore RD. Epidemiology of HIV infection in the United States: implications for linkage to care. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;52(Suppl 2):S208–13.[PMC free article][PubMed]
39. Lucas JW, Barr-Anderson DJ, Kington RS. Health status, health insurance, and health care utilization patterns of immigrant Black men. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(10):1740–7.[PMC free article][PubMed]
40. Abraido-Lanza AF, Dohrenwend BP, Ng-Mak DS, Turner JB. The Latino mortality paradox: a test of the “salmon bias” and healthy migrant hypotheses. Am J Public Health. 1999;89(10):1543–8.[PMC free article][PubMed]
41. Kenya S, Brodsky M, Divale W, Allegrante JP, Fullilove RE. Effects of immigration on selected health risk behaviors of Black college students. J Am Coll Health. 2003;52(3):113–20.[PubMed]
42. Blanas D, Lugg A. Barriers to accessing healthcare among undocumented HIV+ African immigrants in New York City: how fear of disclosure impacts behavior and health. Paper presented at: American Public Health Association Conference; 2011; Washington, DC.
43. Adimora AA, Schoenbach VJ. Social context, sexual networks, and racial disparities in rates of sexually transmitted infections. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(Suppl 1):S115–22.[PubMed]
44. Bank W. [Accessed 21 Apr 2012.];World Population. 2010 http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/ddpreports/ViewSharedReport?&CF=&REPORT_ID=9147&REQUEST_TYPE=VIEWADVANCED&HF=N/CPProfile.asp&WSP=N.
45. UNAIDS. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic update. Geneva: UNAIDS; 2005.